Injury to muscles or tendons, mainly in the lower limbs and may correspond to a simple stretching of the muscle or tendon or it may be a partial or complete rupture of any of these.
Treatment is similar to that for sprains.
Inflammation of a tendon that may be due to the healing process after trauma. It is characterized by edema, heat, and pain. It can also be due to minor cumulative overuse injuries.
Treatment is based on rest, anti-inflammatory, immobilization, physical therapy.
In persistent cases refractory to treatment, surgery may be required.
Bursae are fluid-filled bags located between bones and tendons or muscles. This allows the tendon or muscle to slide smoothly over the bone.
Distal radius fractures
It is the longest bone in the forearm, its final part forms the wrist and is an area prone to fractures and they are quite common
The fracture occurs by falling supported on the hand, it is also frequent in traffic accidents, falls on a bicycle, etc. It can also be accompanied by a fracture in the ulna.
Immediate pain, deformity in many cases, sensation of rupture, functional impotence, edema, pain when moving the hand and fingers.
Upon examination, the fracture may be suspected, finding edema, pain when palpating the distal radius, deformity and limitation of movements. But this must be confirmed with an X-ray. The fracture is often within 3 cm of the wrist and may extend to the joint. In some cases a fragment can break the skin, known as an open fracture. If it breaks into more than two parts it is known as a comminuted fracture.
Osteoporosis (decrease in bone density) is one of the main risk factors in older people. But in healthy bones they can also occur, mainly in people exposed to trauma due to their sports or work activity.
Reserved for unstable, highly displaced, many fragmented, open fractures or those that could not be adequately reduced.
In both cases, most of the time it is recommended to do physiotherapy after the treatment.
Always the first weeks the limb should be kept elevated to reduce edema, pain and reduce complications. The plaster must be kept dry, avoid damaging it or introducing objects
In general it is good but it depends on the severity of the injury, sequelae such as stiffness, pain and functional limitation may remain, but fortunately in most cases this does not happen. It is very important that the treatment is carried out by an orthopedist to minimize symptoms and complications.